The 14th Dalai Lama lives in exile in Dharamsala, India. His Holiness is a man of peace. In 1989 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent struggle for the liberation of Tibet. He has consistently advocated policies of non-violence, even in the face of extreme aggression. He also became the first Nobel Laureate to be recognized for his concern for global environmental problems.
The Tibetan lunar calendar is based on a cycle of 60 years, each named after one of 12 animals and on one of five elements, air, water, fire, earth, and space. Calculated each year by astrologers from the Mentsikhng in Lhasa, the year usually consists of 12 months but an additional year is sometimes added. The first day of the first month is the festival of Losar, the Tibetan New Year.
Tibet is nicknamed "The Roof of the World". There are several peaks that rise to a height of between 6 - 7,500 meters.
All the major rivers in Tibet except one share a common characteristic - they all run north to south. The exception is the Yarlong Tsangpo. It runs west to east.
It is said that, during the reign of Lha Tho Tho Ri Nyen Tsen, the 5th King of Tibet, a book was found on the top of the Royal Palace. It was prophesied that this book would be understood and studied after the time of the 32nd King. Accordingly, the 33rd King of Tibet, Srong Tsen Gampo (reigned 604-650 AD), invited Buddhist missionaries from India to introduce Buddhism to Tibet.
Tibetan script covers both the phonology of India and Tibet through Buddhist texts.
The 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzing Gyatso, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1989.
The famous Samye Monastery of Tibet was constructed on the model of a Monastery of India, Odantapuri Vihara. Odantpuri was near Nalanda in Bihar Province of India.
The Tibetan New year Festival is known as Losar.
The Qinghai-Tibet Railway line, linking the region to Qinghai in China, is the world’s highest railway line.